Analisis Critico Sobre El Funcionamiento De La Comision Estatal Y Los Comites Locales Para La Planificacion De Respuesta A Emergencias Ambientales En Puerto Rico

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libro Analisis Critico Sobre El Funcionamiento De La Comision Estatal Y Los Comites Locales Para La Planificacion De Respuesta A Emergencias Ambientales En Puerto Rico

In the United Sates and Puerto Rico, as well as in other countries, environmental emergencies occur where public health, properties and the environment are at risk. The government has established various laws related to environmental emergencies, such as the Emergency Planning and Right-to-Know Act or EPCRA. One of EPCRAs provisions is the creation of a State Emergency Response Commission (SERC) and Local Emergency Planning Committees (LEPC) in each state to understand chemical hazards in the community, develop emergency plans in case of an accidental release, and look for ways to prevent chemical accidents. The purpose of this research is to determine if the emergency planning in Puerto Rico is effective, as required by federal law. The methodology used is divided in three parts: State Emergency Response Commission and Local Emergency Planning Committees documentation revision, evaluation instruments answered by personnel related to the SERC and LEPCs and interviews. Governmental, internal and external factors where found to have an affect on the effectiveness of the SERC and LPECs. Changes in elected governments, lack of community support, no risk assessment performed, poor member participation, lack of planning resources and lack of funding are factors that prevent SERC and LEPCs from fulfilling the law requirements. Changes in the State Commission Presidency, establish education and experience requirements to the State Commission and local Committees members, and impose a charge to the submission of the EPCRA annual reports are some of the recommendations presented that can be implemented by the SERC and LEPCs to complete their assigned tasks and accomplish the requirements stated by law.

Número de páginas: 245

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